mental health

Suicide Rates by Country in 2023

Suicide is a deeply concerning issue that affects individuals, families, and entire communities worldwide. While it’s a difficult topic to discuss, understanding suicide rates by country can provide valuable insights into the factors contributing to suicidal behavior.

From the desolate deserts of Mongolia to the picturesque peaks of Switzerland, suicide does not discriminate and can affect people from all walks of life. The reasons behind suicidal tendencies vary and may include socioeconomic factors, cultural beliefs, and mental health challenges.

Some countries report alarming suicide rates, while others seem to have found solutions to combat the problem. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating and sobering topic of suicide rates by country and explore the various factors that can influence this phenomenon.

Examining suicide rates by country can reveal patterns and trends that can be used to inform suicide prevention efforts. By identifying countries with high suicide rates and the factors contributing to them, interventions can be made to reduce the number of suicides. Conversely, understanding the countries with low suicide rates can provide insights into impactful strategies and practices that can be adopted elsewhere.

Furthermore, suicide rates are affected by various factors, including cultural beliefs, economic conditions, and mental health resources. By examining these factors across different countries, we can gain a more nuanced understanding of the complex nature of suicide and how it can be addressed.

Suicide Rate per 100k Population

10 Countries with the Highest Suicide Rates

The table below shows number of suicides per 100k population:



Female Rate

Male Rate

Total Suicide Rate


South Africa






























South Korea



















The countries with the highest suicide rates worldwide typically face a complex web of societal, cultural, and economic issues that push their citizens to extreme mental anguish. 

Lesotho, with the highest suicide rate, is a small landlocked country in southern Africa that is struggling with a severe economic downturn. This has led to high unemployment rates and widespread poverty, which have been identified as significant contributors to the country’s high suicide rate.

Guyana, a country in South America, has the second-highest suicide rate globally, and the highest in the Caribbean. Suicide is the leading cause of death among young people, with rates three times higher than the global average. The country is facing many challenges, including high levels of poverty, inequality, and limited access to mental health services, which contribute to its high suicide rate.

Eswatini, a small kingdom in southern Africa, has the third-highest suicide rate globally. The country is grappling with the world’s highest HIV/AIDS prevalence, as well as poverty and high levels of inequality. These issues, combined with limited access to mental health services and the stigma surrounding mental illness, have led to a significant suicide crisis.

In South Korea, societal pressure to succeed, high levels of competition, and social isolation are among the main drivers of suicide. The country has the fourth-highest suicide rate in the world, with suicide being the leading cause of death among young people. South Korea has made significant progress in raising awareness about mental health and suicide prevention, but many challenges remain, including cultural and societal attitudes toward mental illness.

Despite the many challenges faced by these countries, there are many organizations and individuals working tirelessly to raise awareness, provide support, and promote mental health. Governments, NGOs, and community groups are coming together to address the complex issues that contribute to suicide and to provide resources and support for those who are struggling. While there’s still much work to be done, these efforts give hope that progress can be made toward reducing the global suicide rate.

10 Countries with the Lowest Suicide Rates



Total Suicide Rate

Male Rate

Female Rate



























Sao Tome And Principe





Saint Vincent And The Grenadines















Antigua And Barbuda




The table above showcases the countries with the lowest suicide rates worldwide, indicating their relative success in promoting mental health and well-being. Among the top 10 countries, Antigua and Barbuda hold the lowest rate of 0.4, followed by Barbados at 0.6 and Grenada at 0.7.

These Caribbean nations’ close-knit communities and family-oriented cultures are believed to contribute to their low suicide rates. Strong social support systems and cultural values that emphasize family and community cohesion can provide a protective factor against suicidal ideation and behavior.

Furthermore, Jordan’s low rate of 1.6 is noteworthy, considering its location in the Middle East, a region with a generally high prevalence of mental health disorders. This achievement suggests that effective mental health interventions can overcome cultural and societal barriers, offering hope for other countries in the region and beyond.

Overall, these countries’ success in preventing suicide can serve as an inspiration to the rest of the world to prioritize mental health and well-being. By investing in mental health resources and promoting supportive communities, countries can work towards reducing the global burden of suicide and improving the lives of millions of people.

Factors Contributing to High Suicide Rates in Countries

  • Mental health issues: Poor mental health is the leading cause of suicide worldwide. Depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and substance abuse disorders are among the most common mental health conditions associated with suicide.
  • Stigmatization of mental illness: Societal and cultural stigmas surrounding mental illness can prevent individuals from seeking help or support, leading to untreated mental health conditions and increased risk of suicide.
  • Access to lethal means: Access to firearms, medications, and other lethal means can increase the likelihood of suicide. In countries where access to these means is easy, suicide rates tend to be higher.
  • Socioeconomic factors: Poverty, unemployment, and financial instability are associated with higher suicide rates. Economic hardship can lead to feelings of hopelessness, stress, and despair, increasing the risk of suicidal behavior.
  • Social isolation: Social isolation and lack of social support can contribute to suicidal ideation and behavior. This is especially true for older adults and individuals with chronic illnesses or disabilities.
  • Trauma and adverse childhood experiences: Traumatic events and adverse childhood experiences such as abuse, neglect, or violence can increase the risk of developing mental health conditions and suicidal behavior.
  • Cultural and societal factors: Cultural and societal norms that promote aggressive behavior, alcohol and drug abuse, or discourage help-seeking can contribute to higher suicide rates.
  • Lack of access to mental health resources: Limited access to mental health resources such as counseling, therapy, or medication can leave individuals with untreated mental health conditions and increase the risk of suicide.
  • Media and social media influence: Media coverage of suicide and exposure to suicide-related content on social media can increase the risk of suicidal behavior, especially among vulnerable populations.
  • Genetic and biological factors: Some studies suggest that genetic and biological factors may contribute to suicidal behavior. Family history of suicide, traumatic brain injury, and chronic pain conditions are among the factors that may increase the risk of suicide.

Suicide Rate by Country: Conclusion

In conclusion, suicide is a complex issue that is influenced by a range of factors, including mental health, social and economic factors, access to lethal means, and cultural and societal norms. Suicide rates vary significantly by country, with some countries experiencing higher rates than others. While there is no single solution to reduce suicide rates worldwide, addressing these contributing factors through intervention programs and access to mental health resources can make a significant impact.

Countries must prioritize mental health resources and intervention programs to address the high suicide rates in their population. Governments must work towards reducing the stigma surrounding mental health, increasing access to mental health resources, and regulating access to lethal means.

For individuals experiencing suicidal ideation or behavior, it is essential to seek professional help. This could involve reaching out to a trusted healthcare provider, mental health professional, or support group. It is crucial to understand that help is available and that no one needs to suffer alone.

Together, with a concerted effort from both countries and individuals, we can work towards reducing the number of lives lost to suicide and promoting mental wellness worldwide.

What do suicide rates by country indicate?

Suicide rates by country indicate the prevalence of suicide in a particular country within a specific timeframe. These rates can vary widely depending on several factors, including mental health services, suicide statistics, and psychological factors. Countries with relatively low suicide rates may have more accessible mental health services or effective interventions in place to prevent suicide. Conversely, countries with high suicide rates may lack mental health resources or have social, economic, or cultural factors that contribute to a higher suicide mortality rate.

How does mental health services affect suicide rates?

Access to mental health services has been shown to have a significant impact on suicide rates. Countries with better access to mental health services tend to have lower suicide rates than those with limited access.

What are suicide statistics?

Suicide statistics refer to data on suicide attempts, suicide mortality rates, and other related information. Suicide statistics are used to monitor suicide rates and identify trends and risk factors that may contribute to suicide.

What is the World Health Organization's (WHO) stance on suicide rates?

The WHO recognizes suicide as a significant public health issue and has called for action to reduce suicide rates worldwide. The organization emphasizes the need for effective prevention strategies and improved access to mental health services.

Why do people commit suicide?

Suicide is a complex issue that can be influenced by a range of psychological and social factors, including mental health problems, substance abuse, social isolation, financial difficulties, and relationship problems.

How does suicide rate compare between different countries?

Suicide rates can vary significantly between different countries, with some countries experiencing much higher rates than others. Factors such as access to mental health services, cultural attitudes towards suicide, and other social and psychological factors can all contribute to differences in suicide rates between countries.

What can be done to prevent suicide?

Preventing suicide requires a multi-faceted approach that addresses both individual and societal factors. Effective prevention strategies may include improved access to mental health services, reducing stigma surrounding mental illness, and promoting healthy coping mechanisms and social support networks.

What is the relationship between mental disorders and suicide?

Mental disorders can be a significant risk factor for suicide. Conditions such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder are associated with an increased risk of suicide attempts and completed suicide. However, not all people with mental disorders will attempt or complete suicide, and many other factors can contribute to suicidal ideation and behavior.

Are suicide rates increasing or decreasing globally?

The trend in suicide rates can vary depending on the region and country in question. While some countries have seen a decline in suicide rates over time, others have seen an increase. The global health community continues to monitor suicide rates and work towards effective prevention strategies.

How does alcohol abuse affect suicide rates by country?

Alcohol abuse is a significant risk factor for suicide. It's estimated that at least around 25% of suicides are associated with alcohol use.

What is the connection between mental disorder and suicide rates by country?

Mental disorders are strongly associated with suicidal behavior. Many suicides are committed by individuals with untreated or undertreated mental illnesses.

Which mental illnesses are most commonly associated with suicides committed in a country?

Mental illnesses such as depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia are often associated with suicidal behavior.

How does domestic violence contribute to suicide rates by country?

Domestic violence is a risk factor for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, particularly for women. Victims of domestic violence may feel trapped and hopeless, leading them to consider or attempt suicide.

Which country has the most suicides per capita?

According to the World Health Organization, the country with the highest suicide rate is currently Lesotho, with a suicide rate of 28.9 per 100,000 people.

What are some warning signs of suicidal thoughts?

Warning signs of suicidal thoughts may include talking about suicide or death, withdrawing from social activities, giving away prized possessions, and expressing feelings of hopelessness or being a burden to others.

How does social pressure contribute to suicide rates by country?

Social pressure to conform or succeed can contribute to feelings of stress, anxiety, and hopelessness, increasing the risk of suicide.

Why do some countries with dark winters have higher suicide rates?

Dark winters can contribute to feelings of depression and hopelessness, particularly in individuals with seasonal affective disorder (SAD). This can increase the risk of suicide in some countries with long, dark winters.

How can we prevent the highest suicide rates in countries?

Prevention efforts should focus on addressing the underlying psychological factors that contribute to suicidal behavior, such as untreated mental illness, social pressure, and domestic violence. Improving access to mental health services and resources can also help reduce suicide rates.

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get in touch
Terms of Use