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Jewish Population by Country in 2023

The Jewish diaspora is a story of resilience, heritage, and the enduring bonds of community. With a rich history that spans millennia, Jewish populations have found their way to almost every corner of the globe.

With over 14.7 million followers worldwide, Judaism is one of the most ancient and influential religions on Earth. If we include those with partial Jewish heritage, the number soars to a staggering 20 million.

The Jewish diaspora spans almost every country, yet the majority reside in just two nations: Israel and the United States. As of 2023, Israel boasts an impressive 6.89 million Jews, while the U.S. follows closely with 5.7 million. New York, California, Florida, and New Jersey are their preferred states. Interestingly, these are the only countries with Jewish populations exceeding 1 million.

Jewish Population

10 Countries with the Highest Jewish Population

Below are the top ten countries with the highest number of Jewish citizens living in them.



Jewish Population



7,106,000 (2022 data)


United States

6,500,000 (rough estimation)








United Kingdom

















Interesting Facts on Jewish Population Across Countries

  • Around 14 million Jews live worldwide.

  • 74% of Israel’s population is Jewish; in the U.S., Jews make up 2.2%.

  • Jews mainly reside in North America (44%) and the Middle East-North Africa region (41%).

  • In France, Jews account for 0.7%; in Russia, only 0.2%.

  • Canada’s Jewish population is 1.1%; Germany’s is 1.4%.

  • Remaining Jewish populations are in Europe (10%), Latin America and the Caribbean (3%), Asia-Pacific (1-2%), and sub-Saharan Africa (<1%).

  • 2% of North America and Middle East-North Africa populations are Jewish.

  • 82% of Jews live in the U.S. (41%) or Israel (41%).

  • Israel is the only country with a Jewish majority (76%).

  • 90% of global Jewry is found in just six countries.

  • A 0.4% fertility increase could add millions of Jews in 50 years.

  • One study projects a one-third decline in America’s Jewish population in 80 years if current trends continue.

  • In 2000, 48.35% of Jewish children under 14 lived in Israel.

Jewish Population by Country: Conclusion

The Jewish population is dispersed throughout the world, with the majority residing in Israel and the United States. While the population has faced numerous challenges and struggles throughout history, including persecution and discrimination, it has continued to thrive and contribute to various aspects of society. Understanding the distribution and demographics of the Jewish population can provide insight into their cultural and social influence across the globe.

What countries have the largest Jewish populations?

The largest Jewish populations are found in Israel and the United States. Israel is home to over 7.1 million Jews, while the United States has a Jewish population of around 6.5 million. Other countries with significant Jewish populations include France, Canada, and the United Kingdom.

How has Jewish immigration impacted Jewish communities?

Jewish immigration has had a significant impact on Jewish communities around the world. The influx of Jewish immigrants has brought new perspectives, traditions, and customs to existing communities, while also creating new ones in areas previously devoid of Jewish presence.

What regions of the world have historically had the largest Jewish populations?

Eastern Europe has historically had the largest Jewish population. Prior to World War II, there were over 3 million Jews living in Poland alone. However, the Holocaust and other factors led to a significant decline in the Jewish population in this region.

How does the Jewish population compare to the total population in different countries?

The Jewish population is a relatively small minority in most countries. However, there are some exceptions, such as Israel where the Jewish population makes up over 75% of the total population. In other countries, such as the United States and Canada, Jewish people make up less than 2% of the total population.

How has the world Jewish population changed in recent years?

The world's Jewish population has changed in recent years due to factors such as immigration, assimilation, and intermarriage. In some countries, such as the United States and Canada, the Jewish population has remained relatively stable, while in others, such as France and Argentina, the population has declined.

How has Jewish immigration impacted Israel?

Jewish immigration has played a significant role in the growth and development of Israel. Since its establishment as a state in 1948, Israel has welcomed Jewish immigrants from around the world, with over 3 million immigrants arriving since its inception. The influx of immigrants has contributed to Israel's economic growth and cultural diversity.

What are some challenges faced by Jewish communities around the world?

Jewish communities around the world face various challenges, including assimilation, intermarriage, and discrimination. In some countries, such as Hungary and Poland, there has been a rise in anti-Semitic incidents in recent years. In addition, some Jewish communities have struggled with issues such as poverty and access to education.

What is the significance of the Jewish diaspora?

The Jewish diaspora refers to the dispersion of Jewish communities around the world, outside of their ancestral homeland in Israel. The diaspora has played a significant role in Jewish history, shaping Jewish culture, religion, and identity. It has also contributed to the development of Jewish communities and institutions in countries around the world.

What is the role of Jewish organizations in supporting Jewish communities?

Jewish organizations play a crucial role in supporting Jewish communities around the world. These organizations provide a range of services, including education, social welfare, and cultural activities. They also work to promote Jewish continuity and identity, as well as advocacy on behalf of Jewish communities.

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