Freedom Index by Country in 2023

In the ever-evolving landscape of our interconnected world, freedom remains an intangible concept that both captivates and eludes us. It’s a delicate thread, intricately woven into the fabric of our societies, shaping our individual liberties and defining the essence of our collective progress. But how do nations fare when it comes to safeguarding this precious asset? 

Comprising a comprehensive set of indicators, meticulously crafted to capture the essence of civil liberties, political rights, and overall governance, this article provides a panoramic view of the world’s democratic tapestry. Together, let’s expose the veiled truths, ignite meaningful discussions, and foster a collective pursuit of liberty that transcends borders and generations.

Welcome to a revelation like no other—the Freedom Index awaits.

Human Freedom Rank

Human Freedom Score

Freedom Index and Its Significance

The Freedom Index encompasses a multidimensional evaluation that paints a holistic picture of freedom within a given country. While the exact methodology varies slightly among different organizations that produce such indices, a set of common criteria typically underpins these assessments.

One fundamental aspect scrutinized is the presence of civil liberties, including freedom of speech, press, assembly, and association. These pillars serve as crucial indicators of a society’s commitment to fostering open dialogue, protecting dissenting voices, and nurturing a vibrant civic space.

Political rights constitute another vital parameter within the index. This criterion examines the extent to which citizens can exercise their right to participate in the political process, such as through free and fair elections, the absence of undue influence or manipulation, and the presence of transparent governance structures.

In addition to civil liberties and political rights, the index typically incorporates measures of the rule of law and government accountability. These elements assess the efficacy of legal frameworks, judicial independence, and mechanisms that ensure checks and balances on executive power. The presence of corruption is also a crucial aspect evaluated, as it directly undermines the principles of freedom and fairness.

Furthermore, socioeconomic indicators may be included to capture the broader context in which freedom operates. Factors such as income inequality, poverty rates, and access to education and healthcare shed light on the socioeconomic conditions that can either bolster or hinder the exercise of individual freedoms.

By amalgamating these diverse criteria, the Freedom Index aims to create a comprehensive and nuanced understanding of a country’s commitment to freedom. It aspires to move beyond simplistic categorizations, embracing the complexity of societal dynamics and recognizing that freedom is a multifaceted concept that transcends narrow definitions.

While the specific weight assigned to each criterion may differ, the essence remains the same: to holistically assess the state of freedom within a nation. This multifaceted approach strives to offer a nuanced perspective, one that allows for comparative analysis and reveals the interplay between various aspects of freedom.

In essence, the Freedom Index offers a glimpse into the tapestry of freedom, drawing on a range of criteria to weave a comprehensive narrative. By shedding light on the strengths and weaknesses within a country’s commitment to liberty, it serves as a valuable tool for policymakers, advocates, and citizens alike, providing an impetus for constructive dialogue, reform, and the pursuit of a more liberated future.

Human Freedom Index

The date provided in this article is based on that of the Human Freedom Index.

The Human Freedom Index annually assesses freedom in 165 countries, representing 98.1% of the world’s population. Merging personal and economic freedom into a unified measure, the Index captures the essence of “human freedom.” Co-published by renowned institutions like the Cato Institute, Fraser Institute, and Liberales Institut, countries with high scores are recognized as among the world’s freest. The index evaluates 12 categories, which are as follows:

  • Legal System and Property Rights
  • Security and Safety 
  • Freedom to Trade Internationally 
  • Access to Sound Money 
  • Expression and Information 
  • Size of Government 
  • Religion 
  • Association, Assembly, and Civil Society 
  • Identity and Relationships 
  • Rule of Law Movement


10 Countries with the Highest Freedom Scores

The following are the ten countries that have scored the highest in terms of freedom:


Human Freedom Score 

HF Rank

Personal Freedom

Economic Freedom








New Zealand























































Factors Contributing to High Levels of Freedom in Countries

  • Robust protection of civil liberties, encompassing freedom of speech, press, assembly, and association.
  • Strong political rights, including free and fair elections, transparent governance, and minimal undue influence.
  • Effective rule of law, ensuring equal treatment, an independent judiciary, and protection of property rights.
  • Adequate security and safety for individuals and communities.
  • Respect for religious freedom, allowing for diverse beliefs and practices.
  • Vibrant civil society, promoting active participation, engagement, and social cohesion.
  • Open expression and information environment, fostering a diverse media landscape and free flow of information.
  • Recognition and protection of individual identity and relationships.
  • Limited government size, with checks and balances on executive power.
  • Secure access to sound money, ensuring stable economic foundations.
  • Freedom to engage in international trade, promoting economic growth and global integration.
  • Reasonable and transparent regulations, balancing governance with individual liberties.

10 Countries with the Lowest Freedom Scores

Find below the ten countries that have scored the lowest in the Freedom Index:


Human Freedom Score

HF Rank

Personal Freedom

Economic Freedom






























































Ways to Improve the Levels of Freedom in Countries

  • Foster an inclusive and transparent governance system that upholds the rule of law and ensures equal treatment for all individuals.
  • Safeguard and promote fundamental human rights, including freedom of speech, assembly, and association, allowing diverse voices and perspectives to be heard.
  • Enhance civic education and promote active citizen participation to empower individuals in shaping their communities and holding their governments accountable.
  • Strengthen and protect the independence of the judiciary to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice.
  • Foster a vibrant civil society by supporting and protecting the work of non-governmental organizations, grassroots movements, and community initiatives.
  • Encourage open and inclusive dialogue, promoting tolerance and respect for diverse religious, cultural, and ideological beliefs.
  • Implement comprehensive economic reforms that promote entrepreneurship, innovation, and free market principles while ensuring equitable access to opportunities for all segments of society.
  • Enhance government transparency and combat corruption through robust anti-corruption measures and effective oversight mechanisms.
  • Invest in quality education and promote academic freedom, enabling individuals to develop critical thinking skills and engage in informed public discourse.
  • Promote international cooperation and dialogue to foster understanding, collaboration, and the exchange of ideas among nations.
  • Prioritize social and economic development initiatives that address inequality, poverty, and social exclusion, ensuring that the benefits of freedom are accessible to all.
  • Engage in constructive diplomatic efforts to advocate for human rights and freedom at the global level, fostering alliances and partnerships that promote shared values.

By embracing these strategies, countries can take meaningful steps towards improving freedom levels, fostering inclusive and prosperous societies where individuals can thrive and contribute to the advancement of their nation and the world at large.

Freedom Index by Country: The Wrap-Up

In a world where freedom is cherished as an inherent right, the Freedom Index provides us with a comprehensive lens to gauge the state of liberty across nations. Through the amalgamation of personal and economic freedoms, this annual report assesses and ranks 165 countries, encapsulating the experiences of over 98% of the global population. As we delve into the intricacies of the index, we witness a mosaic of nations, each with its unique blend of strengths and challenges in upholding the ideals of freedom.

The Freedom Index transcends borders and political ideologies, functioning as a vital tool to assess and monitor the progress of nations on their journey toward freedom. It serves as a reminder that freedom is not merely an abstract concept but a tangible force that shapes the lives of individuals and societies. By understanding the intricacies of the index, we can work together to create a world where freedom thrives, enabling every individual to flourish and contribute to the betterment of humanity.


Which country has the lowest freedom in the world according to the freedom index by country?

Syria holds the lowest freedom score according to the freedom index. Current conflicts in the country have impacted freedom levels drastically for the worse.

Which country has the highest freedom in the world according to the freedom index?

Switzerland, a beacon of freedom, proudly claims the top spot in the Human Freedom Index. Its remarkable score reflects a harmonious blend of personal and economic liberties, setting an exemplary standard for other nations. With a robust legal system, thriving civil society, and a commitment to individual rights, Switzerland epitomizes the essence of freedom. This alpine nation stands as a shining testament to the values and principles that propel human progress and ensure a flourishing society.

What country has the least laws?

It's difficult to identify a specific country with the least laws as legal systems and regulations vary across nations. However, countries such as Singapore or Switzerland are known for having fewer regulatory burdens and streamlined legal frameworks. They prioritize economic freedom while maintaining social order.

Which country is the world's largest democracy?

India is recognized as the world's largest democracy. With a population of over 1.3 billion people, India upholds democratic principles through free and fair elections, civic participation, and a diverse civil society. Its commitment to democratic values contributes to its status as a major democratic powerhouse.

What is the best country to live in for freedom?

Determining the best country to live in for freedom is subjective, as individual preferences and priorities may vary. However, countries such as Canada, Sweden, and the Netherlands consistently rank high on the freedom index. These nations offer a combination of personal liberties, strong legal systems, and societal inclusivity, contributing to a high quality of life and individual freedom.

Which country has the best rule of law?

Countries like Finland, Denmark, and Norway are often recognized for having the best rule of law. They prioritize the fair and impartial administration of justice, ensuring equal treatment under the law and protection of individual rights. These nations have robust legal systems and institutions that work diligently to uphold the rule of law, fostering a society where citizens have confidence in the justice system and its enforcement.

What are the freest countries in Europe according to the freedom index?

Switzerland, Denmark, and Finland often rank highly as the most free countries in Europe according to the freedom index. These nations prioritize economic freedom, civil liberties, and strong legal systems. They provide an environment where individuals can enjoy a high level of freedom in their personal and economic pursuits.

What is the average human freedom rating across countries?

The average human freedom rating varies across countries and is determined by factors such as civil liberties, economic freedom, and the rule of law. The freedom index assesses these aspects to provide an overall measurement of human freedom on a country-by-country basis.

What is money freedom and why is it important in assessing freedom levels?

Money freedom refers to the ability of individuals and businesses to freely engage in economic transactions, including the use of currency, banking, and investment. It is an essential component in assessing freedom levels as it reflects the degree of economic autonomy and choice individuals have within a country. Money freedom contributes to overall economic freedom, which is closely tied to human freedom.

How are civil liberties evaluated in the freedom index?

Civil liberties play a crucial role in the freedom index assessment. They encompass freedoms such as freedom of speech, assembly, and association, as well as individual rights and protections. The index evaluates the presence and respect for civil liberties within each country, contributing to the overall measurement of human freedom.

How do countries in Western Europe fare in terms of freedom according to the freedom index?

Countries in Western Europe generally rank high in terms of freedom according to the freedom index. These nations often prioritize civil liberties, have well-established legal systems, and provide a high level of economic freedom. Their commitment to individual rights, democratic governance, and strong institutions contributes to their favorable rankings on the freedom index. However, it's important to note that freedom levels can still vary within this region, with each country having its unique characteristics and rankings.

How is the freedom index by country calculated to assess human freedom?

The freedom index by country takes into account various indicators related to human freedom, including civil liberties, economic freedom, government legal systems, and civil society expression. These indicators are meticulously evaluated to provide a comprehensive assessment of human freedom within each country, resulting in a numeric ranking on the freedom index.

What role does economic freedom play in the measurement of human freedom?

Economic freedom is a crucial component in assessing human freedom. It encompasses factors such as free trade, property rights, and the absence of excessive government intervention in the economy. The freedom index evaluates the extent to which individuals have the freedom to pursue economic opportunities and make choices regarding their financial well-being, reflecting the overall level of human freedom.

How does the freedom index contribute to the understanding of global freedom levels?

The freedom index serves as a valuable tool in understanding global freedom levels. By ranking countries based on various indicators, it provides a comparative analysis of human freedom across nations. This allows policymakers, researchers, and individuals to identify trends, challenges, and areas for improvement, fostering discussions and initiatives to promote and protect human freedom worldwide.

What are civil liberties and why are they important in the context of the freedom index?

Civil liberties refer to the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals within a society. These liberties encompass aspects such as freedom of speech, assembly, religion, and individual rights and protections. Civil liberties play a crucial role in the freedom index as they reflect the degree of personal autonomy and the level of respect for individual rights within a country, contributing to the overall measurement of human freedom.

How is the average human freedom rating calculated across countries?

The average human freedom rating is calculated by considering the individual freedom scores assigned to each country within the freedom index. These scores are based on a comprehensive assessment of factors such as civil liberties, personal and economic freedom, and the legal framework. By aggregating these scores and dividing them by the number of countries, the average human freedom rating provides an overview of the overall state of human freedom globally.

How does the freedom index assess government legal systems in relation to human freedom?

The freedom index assesses government legal systems as an integral part of evaluating human freedom. It examines factors such as the rule of law, judicial independence, and the protection of property rights. A robust and fair legal system ensures equal treatment under the law and provides a framework that upholds individual rights and liberties, contributing to higher scores on the freedom index.

Why is civil society expression considered in the measurement of human freedom index?

Civil society expression is a key aspect of human freedom, reflecting the ability of individuals and organizations to express their opinions, assemble peacefully, and engage in civic activities. The freedom index recognizes the significance of civil society expression as it is closely tied to the exercise of democratic values and the protection of individual liberties. It contributes to the overall measurement of human freedom by evaluating the degree of openness and inclusivity within society.

What is the Human Freedom Index?

The Human Freedom Index is a comprehensive assessment that measures the state of human freedom in various countries worldwide. It evaluates key factors such as civil liberties, personal and economic freedom, government legal systems, and civil society expression to provide an overall ranking of human freedom.

Why is the Human Freedom Index important?

The Human Freedom Index serves as a vital tool in understanding the extent of human freedom across countries. It highlights areas of strength and areas that need improvement, providing policymakers and advocates with valuable insights to foster discussions, implement reforms, and safeguard human rights.

What is the significance of the quartile in the Human Freedom Index?

The quartile in the Human Freedom Index indicates the relative position of a country in terms of human freedom compared to others. It allows for a more nuanced understanding of a country's performance by categorizing it into one of four quartiles: the freest, moderately free, mostly unfree, or repressed.

How frequently is the Human Freedom Index updated?

The Human Freedom Index is typically updated on an annual basis to reflect the latest available data. This ensures that the Human Freedom Index captures the most recent developments and changes in the state of human freedom across countries.

How can the Human Freedom Index be used?

The Human Freedom Index can be used as a valuable resource for researchers, policymakers, and advocates to analyze trends, identify areas for improvement, and compare human freedom across countries. The Human Freedom Index provides a comprehensive framework for assessing and promoting the fundamental rights and liberties of individuals worldwide.

How does the Human Freedom Index account for low security in its evaluations?

The Human Freedom Index takes into account low security as an important factor impacting human freedom. By considering indicators related to security and safety, it captures the challenges faced by individuals in countries with higher levels of insecurity. These factors are carefully weighted to ensure a comprehensive evaluation of freedom levels.

Can the Human Freedom Index help identify countries with low security in the Middle East?

Yes, the Human Freedom Index can help identify countries in the Middle East that experience low security levels. By analyzing relevant indicators, such as crime rates, political instability, and conflict, the index provides valuable insights into the security situation within each country, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of freedom levels in the region.

What makes the Human Freedom Index the most comprehensive freedom index?

The Human Freedom Index stands out as the most comprehensive freedom index due to its holistic approach in evaluating various dimensions of human freedom. By considering factors such as civil liberties, economic freedom, government legal systems, and civil society expression, it provides a comprehensive and nuanced assessment of freedom levels in different countries.

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