Depression Rate by Country in 2023

Depression knows no boundaries. It’s a global affliction that can affect anyone, anywhere, at any time. But while depression may be universal, the ways it manifests and impacts different countries varies widely. 

From the bustling streets of Tokyo to the sun-soaked beaches of Rio, depression rates fluctuate dramatically, influenced by a complex array of cultural, economic, and social factors. Join us on a journey through the data as we explore the world’s most and least depressed countries, and discover the unique challenges and opportunities faced by each. 

With fascinating insights and unexpected twists, this article is a must-read for anyone looking to expand their understanding of this pervasive mental health issue. So grab your passport, and let’s embark on a journey of discovery.



Symptoms of Depression

  • Feeling persistently sad or empty: One of the hallmark symptoms of depression is feeling sad, hopeless, or empty for an extended period of time. This feeling may be present even when things are going well in a person’s life.

  • Loss of interest in activities: People with depression may lose interest in activities they once enjoyed, such as hobbies, socializing, or sex.

  • Changes in appetite or weight: Depression can cause changes in appetite, leading to weight gain or loss. Some people may lose their appetite entirely, while others may turn to food for comfort.

  • Insomnia or oversleeping: Sleep disturbances are common in depression. Some people may have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, while others may sleep excessively.

  • Fatigue or loss of energy: People with depression often feel exhausted and may struggle to complete even simple tasks.

  • Difficulty concentrating or making decisions: Depression can affect a person’s ability to concentrate, leading to difficulty making decisions or completing tasks.

  • Physical symptoms: Depression can cause physical symptoms such as headaches, stomachaches, and back pain. These symptoms may not respond to treatment and can be a sign of underlying depression.

  • Irritability or restlessness: Some people with depression may feel restless or irritable, even when there is no apparent reason for these feelings.

  • Thoughts of death or suicide: In severe cases, depression can lead to thoughts of death or suicide. Anyone experiencing these thoughts should seek immediate help from a healthcare professional.

10 Countries with the Highest Depression Rate 

The following table shows the ten most depressed countries in 2023.




2023 Population





United States




































Factors Leading Up to High Depression Rates in Countries

  • Cultural stigma around mental health: In some cultures, mental health issues are still seen as taboo or shameful, making it difficult for individuals to seek help or treatment.

  • Economic inequality: Countries with high levels of income inequality often experience higher rates of depression, as individuals may feel helpless or hopeless in the face of financial struggles.

  • Social isolation: Living in a highly urbanized or isolated area can contribute to feelings of loneliness and isolation, which can in turn lead to depression.

  • Political instability: Countries experiencing political turmoil, conflict, or uncertainty can see a rise in depression rates due to the stress and anxiety caused by the instability.

  • Lack of access to mental health resources: In many countries, mental health resources are scarce or inaccessible, making it difficult for individuals to receive the care they need.

  • Climate and environmental factors: Extreme weather conditions, pollution, and other environmental factors can contribute to depression rates, as they can have a negative impact on individuals’ physical and mental health.

  • Cultural pressure to succeed: In some cultures, there may be intense pressure to achieve success, which can lead to feelings of inadequacy or failure and contribute to depression.

  • Gender inequality: Women are often at a higher risk of depression due to societal factors such as discrimination, unequal access to resources, and the burden of caregiving responsibilities.

  • Historical and intergenerational trauma: Countries with a history of colonization, war, or other forms of trauma may see higher rates of depression as a result of this historical trauma being passed down through generations.

Measures That Can Be Taken to Prevent High Depression Rates in Countries

#1 Reduce stigma around mental health: Encouraging open and honest discussions about mental health can help reduce the stigma associated with depression and other mental health conditions. This can make it easier for individuals to seek help and access resources.

#2 Increase access to mental health resources: Improving access to mental health resources, such as counseling services and medication, can help individuals receive the care they need to manage their depression.

#3 Foster social connections: Encouraging community-building activities and creating spaces where individuals can connect and form relationships can help combat social isolation and reduce the risk of depression.

#4 Address economic inequality: Addressing income inequality and providing support for individuals experiencing financial difficulties can reduce the stress and anxiety that can contribute to depression.

#5 Improve working conditions: Creating safer, more supportive work environments with reasonable working hours and fair pay can help reduce stress and improve overall mental health.

#6 Address climate and environmental factors: Addressing environmental issues, such as pollution and climate change, can help reduce the physical and mental health risks associated with these factors.

#7 Provide education and training: Educating individuals on the signs and symptoms of depression, as well as providing training for healthcare professionals, can help improve early detection and treatment of depression.

#8 Address gender inequality: Addressing gender inequality and providing support for women can help reduce the risk of depression associated with these factors.

#9 Address historical and intergenerational trauma: Addressing the root causes of historical and intergenerational trauma, such as systemic racism and colonization, can help reduce the risk of depression associated with these factors.

10 Countries with the Lowest Depression Rate




2023 Population





























Papua New Guinea




Timor Leste




Solomon Islands




Depression Rate by Country: The Bottom Line

Depression is a complex and pervasive issue that affects individuals, families, and communities around the globe. From the high rates of depression in developed countries to the unique challenges facing nations with limited resources, it is clear that this is a global issue that requires a multifaceted approach.

Throughout this article, we’ve explored the factors contributing to high depression rates, the symptoms of depression, and measures that can be taken to prevent depression in countries. By understanding the unique challenges faced by different countries, we can work together to create a world where mental health is valued and supported.

We hope that this article has shed light on the complex issue of depression and inspired readers to take action in their own communities to promote mental health and wellness. Remember, no matter where you are in the world; help is available, and you are not alone.

Related Articles


What are depressive disorders?

Depressive disorders are a group of mental disorders that are characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and a loss of interest in once-enjoyable activities. These disorders can affect how individuals think, feel, and behave, and can have a significant impact on daily life.

How does depression affect mental health?

Depression can have a profound impact on mental health, affecting mood, emotions, and overall well-being. Left untreated, depression can lead to severe depression and even worse consequences, such as suicide.

What is the prevalence of depressive disorders worldwide?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depressive disorders affect an estimated 264 million people worldwide. These disorders are a leading cause of disability and can have a significant impact on quality of life.

What are the rates of depression in different countries?

Rates of depression vary widely from country to country, with some countries reporting higher rates than others. Factors such as access to mental health care, cultural attitudes toward mental illness, and economic and social factors can all contribute to differences in depression rates.

What can be done to address the prevalence of depressive disorders?

Improving access to mental health care, reducing stigma around mental illness, and addressing social and economic factors that contribute to depression can all help to reduce the prevalence of depressive disorders. By working together to promote mental health and wellness, we can create a brighter future for individuals and communities around the world.

Is depression the only mental disorder that affects mental health?

No, many different types of mental disorders can affect mental health, including anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia, to name just a few. It's crucial to recognize that mental illness is a complex and multifaceted issue that requires a comprehensive approach to treatment and prevention.

What is talk therapy, and how does it help with depression?

Talk therapy, also known as psychotherapy or counseling, is a type of mental health treatment that involves talking to a trained therapist or counselor. Through talk therapy, individuals with depression can learn coping skills, address negative thought patterns, and develop strategies for managing symptoms.

How prevalent is depression in the global population?

Depression is a common mental health condition that affects people of all ages, genders, and backgrounds. According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 4.4% of the global population suffers from depression.

Are depression rates higher in high-income countries or low-income countries?

Depression rates can vary depending on a variety of factors, including access to mental health care, social and economic factors, and cultural attitudes toward mental illness. Although it's not accurate to say high income countries have higher depression rates compared to low income countries, research suggests that depression rates tend to be higher in countries with higher income inequality.

Why is social stigma such a barrier to seeking help for depression?

Social stigma surrounding mental illness can make it difficult for individuals who experience depression to seek help. This stigma can lead to feelings of shame, isolation, and fear of judgment, which can prevent individuals from seeking the care they need.

What is a depressive episode, and how is it different from clinical depression?

A depressive episode is a period of time in which individuals experience depression symptoms. It may be a single episode or part of a larger depressive disorder. Clinical depression, on the other hand, is a chronic mental health condition characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and loss of interest in once enjoyable activities. It may require ongoing treatment, such as therapy or medication, to manage symptoms.

Are depression rates higher in developed countries compared to lower income countries?

Depression rates can vary widely depending on a range of factors, including access to mental health care, social and economic factors, and cultural attitudes toward mental illness. While depression rates may be higher in some developed countries, such as the United States, compared to some lower income countries, it's important to recognize that depression can affect individuals in all parts of the world. Access to mental health care and resources can be a key factor in addressing depression rates in both developed and lower income countries.

What are some effective treatments for depression?

Effective treatments for depression can vary depending on the individual and the severity of their symptoms. Some commonly used treatment options include talk therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT), as well as antidepressant medications. Lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, healthy eating habits, and stress reduction techniques, can also be effective in managing symptoms of depression.

What can individuals do to manage symptoms of depression and anxiety?

There are several things individuals can do to manage symptoms of depression and anxiety, such as seeking professional help, practicing self-care and stress reduction techniques, and making lifestyle changes to promote overall well-being. It's important to remember that effective treatments for depression and anxiety are available, and with the right support, individuals can manage their symptoms and improve their mental health.

Are antidepressant medications effective in treating depression?

Antidepressant medications are one of the effective treatment options for depression for some individuals. These medications work by altering the balance of chemicals in the brain that affect mood. However, not all individuals with depression will respond to antidepressant medication, and it may take several weeks or even months for the full effect to be realized.

Get in touch
Terms of Use